Mardin Turkey, Mardin Historic City, Mardin Vacation

March 31, 2014 by  
Filed under Turkey Vacations

Mardin (Ottoman Turkish: The capital of Mardin Province, it is known for the Artuqid (Artıklı or Artuklu in Turkish) architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains.

Mardin is one of the oldest settled areas in upper Mesopotamia. Excavations done in the 1920s discovered remains in the area that dated to 4000 BCE. The first known civilization were the Subarians who were then succeeded in 3000BCE by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BCE. and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.

In 692, the Muslim Ummayads arrived and introduced Islam. The Abbasid Caliphate based in Baghdad replaced them in 750. Factions of the Seljuk Turks fought each other over Mardin as it changed hands many times before it was finally taken by Nahm ad-din Ilghazi, the bey of the Artukids, a Turkish dynasty founded by the Seljuk Emir Artuk. During the Artukid period, many of Mardin’s historic buildings were constructed, including several Mosques, Palaces, Madrassas and Hans.

The lands of the Artukid dynasty fell to the Mongols sometime between 1235 and 1243, but the Mongols never directly governed the area. The Artukid family ruling Mardin became vassal state of the Mongol Empire.During the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, the Artuqid (Artık) ruler revolted against the Mongol rule. Hulegu’s general and Chupan’s ancestor, Koke-Ilge of the Jalayir, stormed the city and Hulegu appointed the rebel’s son, al-Nasir, governor of Mardin. Although, Hulegu suspected the latter’s loyalty for a while, thereafter the Artukids remained loyal unlike nomadic Bedoun and Kurd tribes in the south western frontier.

The Mongol Ilkhanids considered them important allies. For this loyalty they shown, Artukids were given more lands in 1298 and 1304. Mardin later passed to the Akkoyunlu, a federation of Turkic tribes that controlled territory all the way to the Caspian Sea. In 1517, Mardin was annexed by the Ottomans under Selim the Grim. During this time, Mardin was administered by a governor directly appointed under the Ottoman Sultan’s authority. In 1923, with the founding of the Republic of Turkey, Mardin was made the administrative capital of a province named after it.

Mosques

Great Mosque (Ulu Camii) – Constructed in the 12th century by the ruler of the Artukid Turks, Qutb ad-din Ilghazi. It has a ribbed dome and a minaret that soars above the city. There were originally two minarets, but one collapsed many centuries ago.
Melik Mahmut Mosque – built in the 14th century and contains the tomb of its patron Melik Mahmut. It is known for its large gate which features elaborate stonework.
Abdüllatif Mosque (Latfiye Mosque) – built in 1371 by the Artukid ruler Abdüllatif. Its minaret was destroyed by Tamerlane’s army and rebuilt many centuries later in 1845 by the Ottoman Governor Gürcü Mehmet Pasha.
Şehidiye Medresse and Mosque – built in the 1214 by Artuk Aslan. It has an elborate ribbed minaret and an adjoining Madrassa
Selsel Mosque
Necmettin Gazi Mosque
Kasım Tuğmaner Mosque
Şehidiyye Mosque
Reyhaniye Mosque – The second largest mosque in Mardin after Ulu Camii. Built in the 15th century, it has a large courtyard and open hallway featuring a fountain.
Hamidiye Mosque (Zebuni Mosque) – built before the 15th century, it is named after its patron Şeyh Hamit Effendi.
Süleymanpaşa Mosque
Secaattin and Mehmet Mosque
Hamza-i Kebir Mosque

Churches
Monastery of Deyrul Zafran

Meryemana (Virgin Mary) Church
Mor Yusuf (Surp Hovsep) Church
Mor Behnam (Kırk Şehitler) Church – built in the name of Mor Behnam and Mort Saro, the son and daughter of a ruler; dates back to 569 AD

Deyrü’z-Zafaran Monastery – The Syriac Orthodox Saffron Monastery was founded in 439 AD and is one of the oldest monasteries in the world and the only one that is still functioning in southern Turkey. From 1160 until 1932, it was the seat of the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch, until the Patriarchate relocated to the Syrian capital Damascus. The site of the monastery itself is said to have been used as a temple by sun worshipers as long ago as 2000 BCE.

Mardin Travel

Mardin Travel

Gökçeada Turkey, Gökçeada Turkey Tourism, Gökçeada Vacation

March 28, 2014 by  
Filed under Turkey Vacations

According to Greek mythology, the palace of Thetis, mother of Achilles, king of Phthia, was situated between Imbros and Samothrace. The stables of the winged horses of Poseidon were said to lie between Imbros and Tenedos.

Homer, in The Iliad wrote:

In the depths of the sea on the cliff
Between Tenedos and craggy Imbros
There is a cave, wide gaping
Poseidon who made the earth tremble,
stopped the horses there.

Eëtion, a lord of or ruler over the island of Imbros is also mentioned in the Iliad. He buys Priam’s captured son Lycaon and restores him to his father.

In antiquity

For ancient Greeks, the islands of Lemnos and Imbros were sacred to Hephaestus, god of metallurgy, and on ancient coins of Imbros an ithyphallic Hephaestus appears. In classical antiquity, Imbros, like Lemnos, was an Athenian cleruchy, a colony whose settlers retained Athenian citizenship; although since the Imbrians appear on the Athenian tribute lists, there may have been a division with the native population. The original inhabitants of Imbros were Pelasgians, as mentioned by Herodotus in The Histories.

Miltiades conquered the island from Persia after the battle of Salamis; the colony was established about 450 BC, during the first Athenian empire, and was retained by Athens (with brief exceptions) for the next six centuries. Thucydides, in his History of the Peloponnesian War describes the colonization of Imbros,[10] and at several places in his narrative mentions the contribution of Imbrians in support of Athens during various military actions.

He also recounts the escape of an Athenian squadron to Imbros. In the late 2nd century A.D., the island may have become independent under Septimius Severus.

Gökçeada

Gökçeada

Bozcaada Turkey, Bozcaada Turkey Tourism, Tenedos Vacation

March 26, 2014 by  
Filed under Turkey Vacations

Prehistory

Archeological findings indicate that the first human settlement on the island dates back to the Early Bronze Age II (ca. 3000–2700 BCE). Archeological evidence suggests the culture on the island had elements in common with the cultures of northwestern Anatolia and the Cycladic Islands.[14] Most settlement was on the small bays on the east side of the island which formed natural harbors. Settlement archeological work was done quickly and thus did not find definitive evidence of grape cultivation on the island during this period. However, grape cultivation was common on neighboring islands and the nearby mainland during this time.

According to a reconstruction, based on the myth of Tenes, Walter Leaf stated that the first inhabitants of the island could be Pelasgians, who were driven out of the Anatolian mainland by the Phrygians. According to the same author, there are possible traces of Minoan and Mycenaean Greek influence in the island.

Antiquity

Map of Tenedos, a small island next to Troy and the larger Lesbos
Tenedos next to ancient Troy, below Imbros, above Lesbos

Ancient Tenedos is referred to in Greek and Roman mythology, and archaeologists have uncovered evidence of its settlement from the Bronze Age. It would stay prominent through the age of classical Greece, fading by the time of the dominance of ancient Rome. Although a small island, Tenedos’s position in the straits and its two harbors made it important to the Mediterranean powers over the centuries. For nine months of the year, the currents and the prevailing wind, the Etesian, came, and still come, from the Black Sea hampering sailing vessels headed for Constantinople.

They had to wait a week or more at Tenedos, waiting for the favorable southerly wind. Tenedos thus served as a shelter and way station for ships bound for the Hellespont, Propontis, Bosphorus, and places farther on. Several of the regional powers captured or attacked the island, including the Athenians, the Persians, the Macedonians under Alexander the Great, the Seleucids and the Attalids.

Tenedos

Tenedos

Muğla Turkey, Marmaris Turkey Tourism, Marmaris Vacation

March 24, 2014 by  
Filed under Turkey Vacations

Keri Peninsula and the Bay of Reşadiye west , north, Ula, east of Bala Mountain, Peak Day with Montenegro and south, is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea . In Turkey, the first major port city in the west to the east is the Mediterranean coast .

A language that is connected to the shore in front of the Gulf of thin Adaköy front of him, Badr Island, Goat Island and Pigeon Island bulunur.kent of the oldest parts of the limestone structure built on a hill which juts into the sea , which is the Castle District . Marmaris and then down the hill along the shore due to the climate in your gelişmiştir.akde has a very humid air . Moist air even in winter because of Marmaris my girilebilir.konu , as well as from Marmaris to Marmaris to other centers , history and nature will facilitate the achievement of smelling beauty . Air transportation is made of Dalaman Airport is only an hour away . You want to see the places you can visit in one day join with your tour , you can continue your holiday in Marmaris again in the evening . Rhodes is only 45 minutes away .

Historic

Date of Marmaris BC Goes up to 12,000 . In 2007 Badr , on the island Nimara cave excavations in the result of the work with a material confirms this etmektedir.17 in September 2007 Marmaris Museum Press conference at } … Area Kariya name Snow ‘s country in the sense later verilmiştir.eg and the Mediterranean coast, the abundance of the region continuously is appealing . City on the Aegean islands of Rhodes and is the most important bridge . Thus, Marmaris ruled by many civilizations over time has become a place .

Trips to the region in the Chora, the island of Rhodes and civilizations, Egyptian , Assyrian, Ionian, Persian, Macedonian , Syrian , Roman, Byzantine , Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations is possible to see .

Fiskos is the first name of the city . Today we can see the ruins called Asartepe position.

The Ancient City of Marmaris

Ancient settlements of the ancient city of Marmaris is located within the boundaries of the district are as follows:

Physkos (Beldibi, Asartepe ) , Amos ( Hisaronu, Turunc) , Bybassos ( Hisaronu) , Kastabos ( Hisaronu) , Syrna ( Bair village ) , Larymna ( Bozburun ) , Thyssanos ( Willow), Phoenix ( Taslica ) , loryma ( Bozukkale) Kasara ( Sparrow Harbour ) , Kedrai (Cedar Island), Euth valve and Amnistos ( Karacasöğüt) . Including Physkos all cities, small cities of Caria . But since almost all others, the remains of the castle and the walls of the parts does not go beyond .
Physkos , Physcus , Fyskos , Fiskos , Fiskus
Fiskos the first in the region of Caria were the center of the port city and other settlements .

Fiskos Carian language ” of Doğakent ” means. This is the reason for all the elements of nature and the beauty is incorporating .

BC It is known that traces extend to the year 3400 . Of this important harbor city of ancient Caria , in the ruins of Asar hill north of Marmaris city center is seen . However, on the Acropolis walls has survived . All Karya as settlements were established on the slopes of hills and steep mountains . Beldibi settled between the hills and valleys and slopes are Camiavlu .

” Mermeris name, Marmaras in Greek , Italian (Latin A) Marmarice / Marmaris, Marmora english speaking, interest is translated by date . Marmaris name, after the Italian occupation in World War I and later used extensively was formalized with the period of the Republic .

Marmaris

Marmaris

Denizli Turkey, Denizli Turkey Tourism, Pamukkale Vacations

March 22, 2014 by  
Filed under Turkey Vacations

Turkey is located in the province of Denizli Pamukkale Pamukkale UNESCO World Heritage List and the other name registered by ” Hierapolis ” is. In the province of Denizli in the Aegean region are close to . 18 km from Pamukkale to Denizli and lasts about 25 minutes by bus . As one of the world’s best examples of travertine Oamukkal all seasons flashy image , travertine mountains and clear blue water with healing of visitors continues to draw the attention .

Every year, millions of people have visited Pamukkale are paid. If you have cards you will have free entrance museum , a museum of yourself at 20 pounds, if not , you can remove the card . This removed with museum card that you can use with Turkey over the period of 1 year . If you do not want to to take off the 25 pounds you have to give input . Pamukkale travertine ‘s livelihood when they come down in price a little too in our attachment geziyerleri.org price whether he thinks things are going .

Food and drink

The wines of the Pamukkale winery are mostly made from traditional Turkish grapes such as Tokat, Narince and Çalkarası, although now they are planting Shiraz in the area too. They also make a well-known cherry wine. The Denizli kebab is roast lamb served on flat bread. Zafer Gazozu is a locally produced fizzy fruity flavored soda.

Places of interest

Laodicea ad Lycum – 6 km (4 mi) north of Denizli near the village of Eskihisar. The city was established by Seleucid King, Antiochus II in honor of his wife, Laodice. This trading city was famous for its woolen and cotton cloths. A letter written by a Laodecian says: “I am happy. I have fortune and I am not in need of anything.” Following a large earthquake which destroyed the city, what remains of the ancient city are one of the seven churches of Asia Minor, the stadium, the amphitheatre and the odeon, the cistern and the aqueduct. (see further Laodicean Church)

Hierapolis and Pamukkale World Heritage Sites -20 km (12 mi) north of Denizli Pamukkale traventines. The city of Hierapolis was founded by the Pergamon King Eumenes II in 190 BC. Its closeness to Laodicea led to commercial and military rivalry. The town was built in Greek style. Despite suffering a violent earthquake in 17 AD, it reached its peak during the Roman and Byzantine periods. It was reconstructed during the 2nd and 3rd centuries in stone from quarries in the area, in a Roman style. The town had its most glorious years during the reign of Roman Emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla and became an episcopal seat during the expansion of Christianity. However, as a result of several earthquakes, the most violent of which was in 1354, a great part of the town was destroyed, and its people migrated.

The Seljuq caravanserai Akhan, which is 6 km (4 mi) from Denizli City on the Ankara highway, and a great part of which still remains, was constructed by Karasungur bin Abdullah in 1253-54 when he was acting as the commander of Ladik. It was recently restored along with the Ottoman konaks nearby and is set to become a visitor’s attraction by its own right.

Honaz mountain is a popular picnic excursion for Denizli’s people in summer.

The nearby village of Goncalı, which is on the railway line, is another excursion. People come to eat the charcoal-grilled thinly-cut kebab called çöp şiş, preferably with the local süzme yoghurt and a glass of rakı.

There is a statue of Atatürk at Çınar Meydanı in the city centre.

Servergazi turbesi is located close to the Yenişehir neighborhood. The tomb of the 12th century Turkish commander of the Seljuk akinci unit is located there. Many locals enjoy visiting and making prayers at the tomb especially on weekends.

Teraspark Shopping and Lifestyle Center, Teraspark AVM, located in the yenişehir. Teraspark AVM is biggest shopping center in Denizli.

Forum Çamlık Shopping and Lifestyle Center, Forum Çamlık AVM, located in the heart of the city centre, Demokrasi Meydanı/Square and surrounded by residential areas, welcomes more than 450,000 people within a catchment area of 20 minutes. The design of Forum Çamlık was inspired by the rich architectural elements that are unique to Province of Denizli. Local stones like Denizli travertine and marble are used for the cladding of many buildings. The visitors will enjoy a detailed artwork, small ponds, squares and rich landscaping features. Given its wide range of shop mix and entertainment facilities, including theaters/cinemas, the centre became a very important destination for visitors in Denizli and neighbouring cities.

Pamukkale Travertine

Pamukkale Travertine

Şirince Turkey, Şirinde Turkey Tourism, Şirince Vacations

March 20, 2014 by  
Filed under Turkey Vacations

Sirince, Izmir’s Selcuk Selcuk connected to the district and 8 km away from the tourist village of historic architecture is preserved successfully .

In an age which is the original name Kirkinca’s legendary hit to the mountains is rumored that given in reference to forty people . In Greek pronunciation of forty , and finally Çirkince Kirkince formats , this name of the Republic, during the first years of the period by order of the governor of İzmir Kazim Dirik has been formalized in the form of Sirince . As of 2012 the population was 536 people .

19 century, famous for fig production , especially for export , in 1800 a Greek village digit . Population Exchange in 1923 as a result of the Turkey-Greece with Greek club (most of the villages are situated in Katerini Nea Ephesus ) , Kavala Müştiyan (Moustheni ) and Somokol ( Domatia ) were settled by emigrants from the villages . The village previously vineyards , fig, olive -based economy which , in the hands of new residents from tobacco region came to a standstill for a while , but in recent years in parallel with the growing touristic importance , this industry began to flourish again . Villagers make olive oil , as well as peaches, figs , apples, walnuts and cherries are grown. 2000-3000 was around in the 1950s, subsequently falling to 700 village population, from the 1990s with the development of tourism has entered into an upward trend . Some Greek houses in the village serves as a board .

Greek church in the village where the two are in dilapidated condition .

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Şirince
Şirince

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