In 2004 the transport sector in Italy , reached a business volume of about 119.4 million euros and 153,700 in transportation company serving 935,605 people were provided employment . When viewed in the national road network , in 2002 in Italy sees business case has a total road length of 668,721 kilometers . 6487 kilometers of this road is a private company run by the state .
34667000 car in Italy in 2005 ( 590 thousand persons each car) and 4,015,000 goods vehicles that have been recorded . The state-owned but managed by a private company which is still in 2003 a total of 16,287 kilometers of railways are being measured. 69% of the country’s railway network is electric and a total of 4,937 locomotives and rolling stock on the railways are working . Fréjus Rail Tunnel, linking the Alps with France , surpassing the country occupies an important place in the railway transport . Ongoing construction of the Brenner tunnel will connect by rail Austria and Italy .
Across national borders remaining in the river network and a total length of 1,477 kilometers of the river transport and transport in the channels can be made. The country also large-scale airports as of 2004, the number 30 , the 43 has been identified as a large number of ports . The port of Genoa is Italy’s largest , is the second largest port in the Mediterranean . 389 thousand units in 2005 in Italy, the civil aviation fleet and are a merchant fleet of 581 vessels .
Italy, until in 1861, providing national unity was not a single country . Small states and kingdoms in the territory of Italy , which may vary between each other were developing their own culture . Therefore, nowadays the tradition of Italian or of Italian origin and the origin of what is called the zone can be divided according to . Italy’s contribution to Europe’s cultural and historical heritage is enormous. Like the Roman Empire state is home to the world’s well-established and have made sahipllig the most important center of Christianity , that of the Vatican because it is extremely rich in cultural heritage elements . Italy, today ‘s 44 UNESCO World Heritage area by hosting championship is held .
Almost every period of art history in Italy göstermiştir.tiziano Vecellio development and the most outstanding early examples of Italian painting of Caravaggio gave . Italian painter, mostly religious figures are prominent in their work . Intense relationship with the Vatican in this country has been effective. In Italy, most of the time in painting the building has been Europe’s most prominent art works .
Romanesque and Gothic art, Renaissance and Baroque style to every art movement of the Italian painters gave remarkable product . A painter who works in this period include Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci , Donatello, Botticelli, Fra Angelico , Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Bernini, Titian and Raphael counted . After this period, Italy was exposed to constant pressure by external forces and interests in the country ‘s art, has led to a shift to more political issues . All of these results achieved in Italy in the field of art in Europe , have lost authority .
Later in the first revival of Italian painting in the 20th century Futurism been with the stream and it was followed by the metaphysical image stream . The most important contribution in this stream gave Giorgio de Chirico and the generation after him and representatives of the Surrealist movement has had a major impact on .
Italian cuisine is one of the richest cuisines in the world and with the characteristics stand out. The history of Italian cuisine dates back to the 4th century BC with the discovery of the New World in the 18th century , although some fruits and vegetables entering the kitchen through has undergone a major change .
Italian cuisine varies greatly according to region . Is the weight of fruit and pastries . Cheese and wine are some of the significant elements of Italian cuisine . Having a wide diversity of coffee , especially espresso holds an important place in Italian cuisine . Italian cuisine has cost the world between meals pizza, spaghetti and some of them with their own pasta sauces, risotto , parmesan cheese, lasagna and tiramisu can be considered.
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