The sound of several Inca pututus, instruments made from shell or animal horn, echoed through the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu and the surrounding Peruvian Andes as the New7Wonders team made the 19th of 21 stops on the World Tour.
Local children, dressed in colorful traditional costumes, were on hand as Mercedes Araoz, Peru’s Minister of Foreign Trade and Tourism, and Machu Picchu Pueblo Mayor Edgar Miranda accepted the official certificate of candidacy from New7Wonders Founder and President Bernard Weber.
In return, Bernard received an ornate Inca rod and the keys to the city of Machu PIcchu – an incredible honor.
The New7Wonders team marveled at the site’s impressive mix of well-preserved houses, courtyards and terraces sprawled majestically on the side of the incredibly steep mountain.
The building techniques of the Incas, combined with their knowledge of astronomy, agriculture and engineering, are a tribute to the sophistication of the society.
Machu Picchu (Spanish pronunciation, Quechua: Machu Picchu, “Old Peak”) is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America.
It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472).
Often referred to as the “City of the Incas”, it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.
The Incas started building the “estate” around 1400, but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham.
Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored. The restoration work continues to this day.
Since the site was never known to the Spanish during their conquest, it is highly significant as a relatively intact cultural site. Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.
These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu. In September 2007, Peru and Yale University almost reached an agreement regarding the return of artifacts which Yale has held since Hiram Bingham removed them from Machu Picchu in the early 20th century. In November 2010, a Yale University representative agreed to return the artifacts to a Peruvian university.
Official New 7 Wonders of the World, Chichen Itza, Christ Redeemer, Colosseum, Taj mahal, Great Wall of China, Petra, Machu Picchu
Official new 7 wonders of the world are;
The Pyramid at Chichén Itzá (before 800 A.D.) Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico MEXICO
Christ Redeemer (1931) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil BRAZIL
The Roman Colosseum (70 – 82 A.D.) Rome, Italy ITALY
The Great Wall of China (220 B.C and 1368 – 1644 A.D.) China CHINA
Machu Picchu (1460-1470), Peru PERU
Petra (9 B.C. – 40 A.D.), Jordan JORDAN
The Taj Mahal (1630 A.D.) Agra, India INDIA
Chichen Itza, Mexico:
The sacred city of the Itza, called Chichen-Itza in Maya, is located 75 miles east of Merida, the Capital of the State of Yucatan, Mexico. This archaeological site is known among the most important of the Maya culture. Now most are mounds, but about thirty may still be seen by tourists.
The ruins are divided into two groups.One group belongs to the classic Maya Period and the other group belongs to Maya-Toltec period. Chichen Itza is the centre of political, religious and military power in Yucatán.
The Mayas who lived in Chichén-Itzá built many palaces, temples, and monuments. The Mayas were great artists, they painted them with many colors and decorated them with beautiful sculptures. In many of them you can see a feathered snake. It was its main god named Kukulcan. The Chichén Itzá ruins are amazing.You will experience most enjoyable vacation in this area.
Christ Redeemer, Brazil:
It is a statue made by a French sculptor Paul Landowski. The original design of the Christ the Redeemer statue was born by a man named Oswald. The statue stands 40 meters and weighs 700 tons. It is the tallest of its kind in the world.It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.
It has become a symbol of the city and of the friendly of the Brazilian people, who embrace visitors with open arms. The statue take apart at the top of the Corcovado mountain.The statue can be accessed by road or by the Corcovado Rack Railway.
The Colosseum or Coliseum is one of the most spectacular tourist attractions in Rome, Italy. Its name is believed to come from Nero’s enormous statue of Colossus that stood close by.Its originally name is Flavian Amphitheatre. The construction of Colosseum was started by Emperor Vespasian in 72 AD and was completed by his son Titus in 80 AD.
Originally capable of seating around 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. It is ruined because of earthquakes and stone-robbers. Its is also described on the Italian version of the five-cent euro coin.
Taj Mahal, India:
Young Shahzadeh and Ercümend Banu married with fascinating ceremony in 1612. He was a governor who was educated as well. When he was 34 he was head ıf India Turkish Empire. Then he was called as Shah Jahan Ercümend Banu was called as Mümtaz Mahal.
They had 14 children. While the birth of their fourteenth child she died.He didnt emerge from his room for a long time. When he emerged, he ordered the building of the most beautiful mouseloum which Taj Mahal in honour of his beloved wife Mümtaz Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is located at the city of Agra in India.It stands of bank of the river Yamuna. Its construction works began period of 22 years employing 2000 workers.Their sarcophaguses are at upstairs under the dome. The dome has an acustic which echoes 7 times any voice of human. The tomb has 4 minarets made of white marble.There are 42 emerald, 142 ruby,625 diamond and 50 very big pearl on Taj Mahals wall.
Great Wall of China:
It was first built in the 7th century B.C. All of the walls were built for the purpose of military defence. Great Wall of China: The 4,160-mile barrier running from east to west is the world’s longest man-made structure. Its a symbol of Chinese strenght and determination.
It is made with local materials mostly soil and stones. Its total length will exceed 50,000 kilometers. While some portions north of Beijing and near tourist centers have been preserved and even reconstructed, in many locations the wall is in disrepair.
Some parts of wall exposed to graffiti and vandalism. Contrary to popular belief, it is not visible from the moon. But if you go there,you will not regret for this,because view is magnificient.
Petra was built around the 6th B.C by the Nabataean Arabs. It was discovered by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. Petra, the legendary lost city carved into the walls of a hidden desert canyon.It is the most famous sites of Jordan.
Petra’s antiquities, natural beauty is feeling at different times of the day,so you can stay there 1 to 3 nights or more. If you’re staying at one of the luxury resort hotels near Petra, you can plan for a relaxing, exotic desert holiday amid fantastic environs, enjoying local foods, fun and the chance to search shops to buy crafts belong to this region. If you want to trip around the city,the best time is early morning for this.Don’t try to walk around because of heat.
Machu Picchu, Peru:
Machu Picchu is a city located high in the Andres Mountains in modern Peru. Machu Picchu was rediscovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham. Machu Picchu is comprised of approximately 200 buildings.
The city of Machu Picchu itself was built at the top of a granite mountain. The Incas, using ingenious engineering techniques, were able to transport heavy stone blocks up the mountain side, and once there, they used their excellent masonry skills to produce amazingly polished stones that fit together perfectly.
The citadel is divided into two sectors: the agricultural and the urban, where there are main squares, temples, palaces, storehouses, workshops, stairways, cables and water fountains which run through both sectors, which measure 20 and 10 hectares respectively. Ideal months for visiting Machu Picchu are from June to October as the weather is mild during this time of the year.