7 Wonders of the World Pictures, The Great Wall of China, 7 Wonders of the World Names

December 24, 2012 by  
Filed under Wonders of the World

The Great Wall of China was built to link existing fortifications into a united defense system and better keep invading Mongol tribes out of China.

It is the largest man-made monument ever to have been built and it is disputed that it is the only one visible from space. Many thousands of people must have given their lives to build this colossal construction.

At the Great Wall of China in Badaling, outside of Beijing, the New7Wonders World Tour experienced a true Chinese cultural extravaganza. Some 1,000 folk artists – brightly dressed Chinese lion dancers and Yangko dancers, drummers and traditional musicians – presented a fascinating hour-long program in the courtyard at Badaling and along the Duokou and Nv’er sections of the Great Wall.

The official ceremony preceded the folk perfomances, under a cloudless blue sky and with bright sunshine.

After speeches by Bernard Weber, Mr. Dong Yaohui, Standing Vice-Chairman of the China Great Wall Society and Mr. Wang Weidong, Deputy Director of the Beijing Badaling Special Zone Administrative Center, Mr. Wang then received the official certificate of candidacy from Mr. Weber.

The many journalists and perfomers mixed with hundreds of tourists visiting the wall throughout the morning, all fascinated by the cultural show along the historic fortification.

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces.

Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall.

7 Wonders of the World

7 Wonders of the World

Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall was reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty.

Other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration.

Great Wallof China

Great Wallof China

Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor.

The Great Wall stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east, to Lop Lake in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia.

A comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has concluded that the Ming walls measure 8,850 km (5,500 mi). This is made up of 6,259 km (3,889 mi) sections of actual wall, 359 km (223 mi) of trenches and 2,232 km (1,387 mi) of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivers. Another archaeological survey found that the entire wall with all of its branches measure out to be 21,196 km (13,171 mi).