Altınoluk Turkey, Altınoluk Turkey Tourism, Altınoluk Vacations

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Altınoluk, formerly Papazlık, is a town and summer resort in the Edremit district of Balıkesir Province in western Turkey. It is located 25 km west of Edremit, at the northern coast of Edremit Bay and on Mount Ida hills.

The ancient city Antandrus, Kaz Mountain National Park and Şahindere Canyon are visitor attractions around Altınoluk.

The Lesbian city of Mytilene controlled extensive parts of the Troad in the Archaic period, and so Alcaeus’ reference to Antandrus may suggest interest in or control over the city by Mytilene at the turn of the 7th century. Alternatively, the persistent early tradition of the city’s Anatolian origins may indicate that its Anatolian population remained independent of Mytilene until later in the 6th century BC; the little archaeology which has been done on the site suggests Greek occupation at no earlier a date than this.

The first event of which we hear in Antandrus’ history is when in 512 BC Otanes, the Persian satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia, captured the city while subduing north-west Asia Minor. Antandrus had access to large amounts of timber from Mount Ida as well as pitch, making it an ideal location for the construction of large fleets, giving the city strategic importance. In 424 BC during the Peloponnesian War when the city had been captured by exiles from Mytilene, the historian Thucydides explains that.

This importance is likewise attested by Xenophon later in the Peloponnesian War in 409 and 205 BC, and is perhaps reflected in Virgil’s choice of the city as the place where Aeneas builds his fleet before setting off to Italy.

As late as the 14th century we hear of Antandrus being used by an Ottoman admiral to construct a large fleet of several hundred ships.Having joined the Delian League in 427 BC, when Antandrus first appears in the Athenian tribute lists in 425/42BC, it has an assessment of 8 talents, again indicating the city’s relative prosperity.

In 411/10 BC Antandrus expelled its Persian garrison with the help of Peloponnesian troops who were stationed at Abydos on the Hellespont. Having briefly won its freedom, it quickly returned to Persian control, and in 409 BC the Pharnabazus constructed a fleet for the Peloponnesians here using the abundant timber of Mount Ida.



We do not know how the Persians regained Antandrus, but in 409 BC the Syracusans gained the Antandrians’ friendship by helping to rebuild their fortifications, suggesting that a siege had taken place in the previous year.[26] In the summer of 399 BC Xenophon’s Ten Thousand passed through on their way home from Persia,and he later wrote in his Hellenica of the city’s continuing strategic importance during the Corinthian War .



After the Classical period, references to Antandrus become scarce in surviving sources. The next reference to events at Antandrus comes several centuries later c. 200 BC, when Antandrus was on the route of Delphic thearodokoi,and in the 2nd century BC an inscription from Antandrus tells us that the city sent judges to Peltai in Phrygia to arbitrate a dispute.

From c. 440 – c. 284 BC, Antandrus had minted its own coinage;this began again in the reign of the Emperor Titus (AD 79-81) and continued until the reign of Elagabalus . In the Byzantine period Antandrus was an episcopal see in the metropolis of Ephesus.

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