Gazıantep Turkey, Gazıantep Vacations, History Gazıantep

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Gaziantep, previously and still informally called Antep is a city in southeast Turkey and amongst the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. The city is located 185 kilometres northeast of Adana and 127 kilometres by road north of Aleppo, Syria. The city has two urban districts under its administration, Şahinbey and Şehitkamil. It is the sixth most populous city in Turkey.

Gaziantep is the city in southeastern Anatolia and it is the sixth largest city in Turkey. Its population, economical situation, tourism potential, and Greater Municipality make the city metropolitan.

It connects Southeast Anatolia to the West with highways and railways at it is the center of them and as its airport has become international, the flow of goods, services and visitors has increased. 1/4 of its land area consists of fertile areas, and some part of which have been irrigated by the Euphrates River. In these area of Gaziantep industries whose economical value is very high include pistachio nuts, olives, cooton, grapes, red peppers, flax, lentils, and cereal grains like wheat and barley.

Gaziantep is the gateway of GAP geograpically, and with its industry, the trade volume has helped to develop GAP. Economically it effects 18 other cities.

Gaziantep is one of the oldest centers that reflects the culture of human societies. Its history goes back to 4000 B. C.

Gaziantep is a war-veteran cith in which you can relive the past and the present through its historical, touristic and natural beauties, memories of the Independence War and Antep Defence, high plateaus, plains, ruins delicious meals, unique handicrafts, mosques, tombs, Muslim Theological Schools, Antep Houses, Turkish Baths, and Caravansaray.

Location has had great importance in the history of the settlement of Gaziantep. Our region is located between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean, where the first civilisations were born and it is at the intersection of the roads coming from the South and from the Mediterranean going to the East, the North and the West.

Therefore Gaziantep gives direction to history and to the present Gaziantep has been the living area and meeting place beginning from pre-historic eras. The historical Silk Road passed through Gaziantep, which helped prolong our cities importance and ensure its livelihood.

The historical periods of Gaziantep are chalcolthic Paleolithic Iron, Hittite, Mede, Assyrian, Persian, Alexandrian, Selencid Roman, Byzantine, Islam-Arabic, Islam-Turk periods. It is possible to see the signs of all these periods even today.

The old town known as Ayintap, is located 12 km to the southwest between Duluk Village and Karahoyuk Village. According to the archeological diggins, remains of  Stone, and Copper Ages, show that this region is one of the oldest settlement areas in Anatolia.

Gaziantep was under the reign of the Babylonian Empire for some time, then in the 1700’s B. C. became a Hittite town. “Duluk Town” was important as a religious center for the Hittities. Islam spread throgh to Anatolia from here. Hz. Okkesiye, who saw Hz. Mohammed’s seal and kissed it and was one of his inspiration clerks, was found on a hill which is near the Nurdagi town of Durmuslar.

Gaziantep and its surroundings was governed by Asur, Med, Persian Empires between B. C. 700 and B. C. 546. After Alexander The Great conquered Persia it was then governed by the Romans, until A. D. 636, when it was taken by the Byzantines.



During the conflict of imposing Islam from the Arabic peninsula in the time of Hz. Omer, the Muslim Army captured the Gaziantep region and Hatay from the Byzantines. So the people iving in this area accepted the Islamic Religion in 639. Soon after this Syria and Antakya were governed by Islamic forces and they were taxed. So the famous Omeriye Mosque Of Gaziantep was constracted  to symbolize the victory.

After the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071 a Turkish government was set up which was under the Seljuk Empir. The town, which was demaged by Mongols in 1270, was latter conquered by the Dulkadirogullari (1389), and the Memluklular (1471).

After the Mercidabik (near Kilis) war against The Memluks by Yavuz Sutan Selim in 1516, Gaziantep and its surroundings were conquered by Ottoman Empire. During the Ottoman period lots of mosques, religious schools, small mosques, khans, and baths were constructed. The town made improvements on production, trade and handicrafts. Evliya Celebi, who visited this region in 1641 and 1671, says that there were 22 streets, 8 thousand houses, about 100 mosques, religious schools, khans, baths and covered bazaars.



After the end of the First World War, Gaziantep was occupied first by the English then by the French. The GAziantep Defence in our National Independence War history showed braveness, hero and devotion. The Gaziantep Defence with its unique braveness aroused  the people and saved itself and southeast Anatolia from the occupation forces. It has taken its place in history with the national unity and individuals braveness.

Gaziantep, a booming modern city, is the largest in the region, with a population in excess of a million. It’s one of the main beneficiaries of the GAP dams project and has a prosperous air. Progressive local government has overseen the construction of an industrial quarter separated from the city by a belt of forest and the various town-planning strategies and investment incentives have been a palpable success.

Gaziantep looks set to become a major tourist destination with the revitalization of its archeological museum, which now houses more than 800 square metres of mosaic rescued from the dam waters which flooded nearby Zeugma. The city boasts some fine domestic architecture in the Christian/Jewish quarter, as well as several mosques and a ruined castle, and is also famed for its incredible pistachio nuts – properly am fıstığı but often referred to as Antep fıstıgı – some of the best you’ll taste anywhere in Turkey. Geographically, it’s a handy staging post on a journey to more exotic destinations to the north or further east.

The city is known by local people (and, significantly for visitors, by most bus companies) as “Antep”, a corruption of the Arab ayn teb (“good spring”); the prefix “Gazi” (“warrior for Islam”) was only added in 1920 after Nationalist forces defending the city withstood a ten-month siege by the French, who had advanced up from their Syrian protectorate in an attempt to seize a portion of defeated Turkey.

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