Gelibolu Turkey Tourism, History Gelibolu, Gelibolu Best Destinations
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The Gallipoli peninsula is located in Turkish Thrace (or East Thrace), the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles straits to the east.
Gallipoli derives its name from the Greek (Kallipolis), meaning “Beautiful City”. In antiquity, it was known as the Thracian Chersonese.
Gallipoli was one of the Allies great disasters in World War One. Gallipoli was the plan thought up by Winston Churchill to end the war early by creating a new war front that the Central Powers could not cope with.
Gelibolu is the name of a town and a district of Çanakkale Province, Turkey, located on the Gallipoli peninsula in the European part of Turkey.
Gelibolu was the original center of Kaptanpaşa Eyalet; between 1864 and 1920 the town was the sanjak center in Edirne province.
The Bulgarian Army threatened Gelibolu during the First Balkan War and advanced to Bolayır in 1912.
During the First World War the peninsula and the town were invested by a series of memorable battles (see Gallipoli Campaign).
The town was lately occupied by Greeks,between 1920-1922, and finally returned to Turkey. Between 1922 and 1926 the town was a provincial center and the districts of Gelibolu,
Eceabat, Keşan (Enez became part of Keşan before 1953) and Şarköy.
Gelibolu is well-known with cheese sweet, fish, fish soup and sardine canning.
Gallipoli peninsula has a backdrop whose impact goes deep into the fabrics of world history.
As early as the 5th century B.C., the peninsula witnessed the Peleponnesos wars, in which the control of Dardanelles was supposed to determine the fate of the war. Much later, with the break out of the First World War, the bloody chapters of war were re-opened in Gallipoli.
Australia and New Zealand, together as the allied force, tried to capture the peninsula in 1915, in order to make the way to the Black sea for allied navies.
Their plan was to occupy Constantinople (current Istanbul), which was the capital of Ottoman Empire and a supporter of Germany. They landed in Turkey on April 25, met fierce Turkish defense and the war continued for eight months. Finally, by the end of 1915, the allied forces were vacated following countless deaths of soldiers on both sides. April 25 is still observed every year as the Anzac Day.
The area also holds a special place in the hearts of Turkish people because this was the center of activities of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk – the national hero and founder of modern Turkey.
Every soldier at Gallipoli had stories to tell of the fighting, but two battles stand out because they were so fierce. One was fought at a place the Australians called Lone Pine. The ridge line was given its name because when the Turks were making roofs for their trenches, they chopped down every tree except one…
Gallipoli is a peninsula locality in north-western Turkey, close to Istanbul. The Gallipoli Peninsula is the site of extensive First World War battlefields & memorials on the north bank of the Dardanelles Strait. It is a commemorative site for the Allied & Turkish forces who fought, died & were wounded there.
The Gallipoli Campaign also known as the Battle of the Dardanelles was very costly for both sides & casualties & losses amount to 220,000 with a 59% casualty rate for the Allied forces & 253 000 with a 60% casualty rate for the Turkish forces.
The battle resonated profoundly among some nations involved. In Turkey, the battle is perceived as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish people – a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the centuries-old Ottoman Empire was crumbling; and in Australia & New Zealand, the then perceived duty to serve their “Mother Country” Britain, resulted in their military defeat, but their sacrifice & heroism marked the birth of a separate national consciousness in both of these countries.
The Gallipoli peninsula is one of the most sacred sites for the Turkish nation, with many monuments such as the Monument of Martyrs erected in the honor of the Turkish soldiers who died in the Battle of the Dardanelles against the Allied forces, whose defeat staved off a potential invasion of Turkey. The victory over the Allies is celebrated on 18 March as Canakkale Zaferi (Canakkale Victory), every year, with tens of thousands of Turks attending the events on the battlefields & memorials.
The area around Anzac Cove is particularly significant for Australians & New Zealanders, whose armies received their baptism in fire on the cliffs there & carved a fine military reputation under extreme adversity & enourmous loss of life; & this military disaster marked the beginning of a separate Australian & New Zealand nationhood. The 1915 landings & battles are commemorated by Australians & New Zealanders on ANZAC Day, 25 April, every year. At this time especially, Gallipoli becomes a place of pilgrimage for many Aussies & Kiwis who want to honour the memory of their forbears.
There are three main battlefield areas – Cape Helles (Turkish: Seddulbahir), Anzac / Pine Ridge & Suvla Bay (which has fewer places to visit). Depending on how detailed your itinerary is, it would be possible to visit the main sites of interest, particularly around Cape Helles & Anzac – Pine Ridge, in a single day. More realistically, two or three days allows plenty of time for an extensive tour, taking in all the battlefield sites, cemeteries & memorials. Must sees include: The Cannakale Martyrs Memorial (near Cape Helles); The British Memorial at Cape Helles; Anzac Cove; Pine Ridge Australian Memorial; New Zealand Monument, Chunuk Bair; Ataturk Statue, Chunuk Bair.
Aside from the 1915 battlefields, why not visit the new Gelibolu Milli Park visitors centre where there are excellent displays relating to the natural history of the peninsula. You can also visit the ancient fortress of Kilitbahir south of Eceabat or take a ferry across the Straits to Asia; from Canakkale, drive to what is reputed to be the site of Ancient Troy (signposted Troia) about 30 kilometres to the south. The ruins of the legendary city – complete with (reconstructed) wooden horse – are open to the public.