Trabzon Turkey, Vacation to Trabzon, Trabzon Travel Guide

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Trabzon is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province.

Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Iran in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast.

The Venetian and Genoese merchants paid visits to Trebizond during the medieval period and sold silk, linen and woolen fabric; with the Republic of Genoa having an important merchant colony within the city that was similar to Galata near Constantinople (north across the Golden Horn) in present-day Istanbul.

Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond between 1204 and 1461.

During the Ottoman period, Trabzon, because of the importance of its port, became a focal point of trade to Iran and the Caucasus. The population of the center urban is 230,399.

The city became part of the Ottoman Empire after 1461. During Bayezid II’s reign, his son, Prince Selim was the sancakbeyi of Trabzon, and his son Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire was born in Trabzon in 1495.

Trabzon became the capital of the Vilayet of Trebizond, that was a vilayet of the north-eastern part of the Ottoman Empire. The population of the city was in 1523 according to the Ottoman defter a total of 1,473 adult males.

85% of the total population was Christian, 1,252 adult males, 13% of the total population was Armenian, 197 adult males and 15% of the total population was Muslim, 221 adult males.



During Ottoman era, Local Chepni and Laz beys were appointed as beylerbey. It is recorded that even some Bosniak beys appointed by Sublime Porte ruled Trabzon as beylerbey.  During Ottoman campaign in Europe “beylerbeylik” of Trabzon had always sent troops.

Trabzon has a number of tourist attractions, some of them dating back to the times of the ancient empires that once existed in the region. In the city itself, one can find a hub of shops, stalls and restaurants surrounding the Meydan, a square in the center of the city, which includes a tea garden.

The Hagia Sophia (Turkish: Ayasofya Müzesi), a stunning Byzantine church, is probably the town’s most important tourist attraction.

Trabzon Castle ruins are visible in the town but cannot be visited as they fall in a military zone. The outside wall of the castle now serves as the back wall of a military building.

The “Atatürk Köşkü” is a villa built in 1890 by a local Greek merchant. In 1924 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk stayed in the villa during his visit to Trabzon. He stayed there again in 1937. It houses period rooms and serves as a monument to the memory of the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey.

Boztepe Park is a small park and tea garden on the hills above Trabzon that has a panoramic view of nearly the entire city. The terrain in Trabzon is ascending in such a way that although the view is far above that of the buildings below, it is still close enough to be able to observe the flow of traffic and the people moving about in the city.

Trabzon Uzungöl

Trabzon Uzungöl

Trabzon Museum is located in the town centre and offers interesting exhibits on the history of the region, including an impressive collection of Byzantine artifacts.

Trabzon’s Bazaar District offers interesting shopping opportunities on ancient narrow streets, continuing from Kunduracılar Street from the Meydan (town square).

Kostaki Mansion is located to the north of Zeytinlik near Uzun Street.

Other sites of the city include: Fatih Mosque (originally the Panagia Khrysokephalos Church), Yeni Cuma Mosque (originally the Agios Eugenios Church), Nakip Mosque (originally the Agios Andreas Church), Hüsnü Köktuğ Mosque (originally the Agios Elevtherios Church), İskender Pasha Mosque, Semerciler Mosque, Çarşı Mosque, Gülbahar Hatun Mosque and Türbe (commissioned by Sultan Selim I), Kalepark (originally Leonkastron).

Within Trabzon Province, the main attractions are the Sümela Monastery and the Uzungöl lake.

The monastery is built on the side of a very steep mountain overlooking the green forests below and is about 50 km south of the city. Uzungöl is famous for the natural beauty of the area and the amazing scenery. Other important sites of interest in the broader region include:

Kaymaklı Monastery, a formerly Armenian Monastery of the All-Saviour
Kızlar Monastery of Panagia Theoskepastos (the God-veiled Virgin),
Kuştul Monastery of Gregorios Peristereotas
Vazelon Monastery of Agios Savvas (Maşatlık),
Cave churches of Agia Anna (Little Ayvasıl), Sotha (St. John), Agios Theodoros, Agios Konstantinos, Agios Christophoros, Agia Kyriakí, Agios Michail and Panagia Tzita churches.

Maçka-Altindere Valley National Park, Sürmene Çamburnu forest recreation area, Çakirgöl, Uzungöl, Boztepe, Çifteçamlik, Kalepark, Kisarna (Bengisu), Soguksu, Zefanos (Bulak) picnic areas and summer places and, Trabzon Castle and Akçakale, Kaymakli, Kizlar (Panagia Theoskepastos), Gregorios Peristera (Hizir Ilyas), Kizlar (Panagia Kerameste), Sumela (Sümela) and Vazelon monasteries, Hagaios Savas (Masatlik) Cave Churches, Hagia Anna (Little Ayvasil), Ayasofya (Hagia Sophia), Sotha (St. John), Hagios Theodoros, Hagios Konstantinos, Hagios Khristophoras, Hagios Kiryaki, Santa Maria, Hagios Mikhail and Panagia Tzita churches, Fatih (Panagia Khrysokephalos Church), Yeni Cuma (Hagios Eugenios), Nakip (Hagios Andreas Church), Hüsnü Köktug (Hagios Eleutherios), Iskender Pasha, Semerciler and Çarsi mosques, Gülbahar Hatun Mosque and masoleum, Imaret Deresi (Alm River), Kavakli and Kuzgundere (Inceköprü) aquaducts, Bedesten, Alaca Han (inn), Vakif Han (inn) and Tas han, Sekiz Direkli Hamam (Bath with eight columns), Pasha and Haci Arif baths, Eirene Tower (Fatih Ammunition Depot), Abdullah Pasha and Abdülhamid fountains, Zaganos Bridge, Trabzon Ayasofya and Trabzon Atatürk Museums.

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